The Tula Kremlin An outstanding monument of Russian defense architecture of the XVI century. Built on the most important strategic direction of the Crimean-Tatar raids - the Muravsky Shlyach, it defended the southern borders of the Russian state for several centuries, was the main link of the famous Great Zasechnaya Line. The history of the Tula Kremlin began in 1507, when by decree of Grand Duke Vasily III in Tula began the construction of the "stone town" - Tula fortress. Construction lasted thirteen years and ended in 1520. During its existence, the Tula Kremlin never surrendered to the enemy. In 1552, under the walls of the Kremlin, the troops of the Crimean Khan Devlet-Giray were defeated, which in many respects ensured the success of Tsar Ivan the Terrible's famous campaign to Kazan. In 1607, over four months in Tula defended the rebels led by Ivan Bolotnikov against the troops of Tsar Vasily Shuisky. The Tula Kremlin is a regular fortress, in plan it is a rectangle with perimeter walls about 1 km and an area of 6 hectares. A distinctive feature of the Tula Kremlin - its location on a low, swampy place, in the flood plain of the Upa river. The Tula Kremlin today is a unique complex of monuments of history and architecture. In its ensemble, in addition to walls and towers that have not undergone significant reconstructions since the 16th century, there are two former cathedral cathedrals: the Uspensky Cathedral (the 18th century) and the Epiphany Cathedral (XIX century), shopping arcades (XIX century), a building The first city power plant (XX century). The true decoration of the Tula Kremlin is rightly considered the Holy Dormition Cathedral (1762 - 1764). Among the unique sights of the cathedral are the monumental murals of Yaroslavl masters (1765-1766), a seven-carved carved gilded iconostasis (second half of the 18th century). In 1988, a museum was established in the Tula Kremlin. Today, the Tula Kremlin is one of the favorite places to visit, both among the Tula and the guests of the region. Here you can walk along the walls and towers of the Kremlin and look at the city from a bird's-eye view, learn about the history of the Great Zasechnaya Line, visit the Shopping Rows where you can buy Tula gastronomic brands and souvenirs for memory, and take part in fascinating master classes. In the shopping ranks of the Tula Kremlin there is a tourist information center of the Tula region.