Bunin museum in Efremov is the only preserved memorial house-museum, in which the great Russian writer and laureate of the Nobel prize Ivan Bunin lived and worked from time to time at the beginning of the twentieth century. The brother of Bunin, Eugeny, bought this house from the landowner in 1906. The house was built in 1880. The house was very well described in the "The Cup of Life". The first acquaintance of the writer with the city of Efremov took place in 1887 under very interesting circumstances. Bunin was 17 years old then, and he rode out of the family estate Ognevka located in Lipetsk region, to Yasnaya Polyana, to get acquainted with Leo Tolstoy, but on the way he stopped in Efremov to rethink his decision. In thought and excitement, the young Ivan Bunin went to the city garden and fell asleep on the bench, and when he woke up, he decided to go back to Ognevka. In the winter of 1888 Bunin arrived in Efremov with his sister Mary, who wanted to stay with her girlfriends in the family of the distiller Tubbe. In a year the 19-year-old Bunin arrived in Efremov again. He met the daughter of a photographer, fell in love with her and gave her his portrait with a poem written on the back. Later the writer often visited the city and stayed in his brother’s house in Turgenev Street, 47.
The exhibition of the museum is divided into 2 parts: textual and memorial. In the textual one can see books and letters and listen to the biography of the Nobel laureate. The memorial part recreates the atmosphere and interiors of the time. In the courtyard of the museum there is a bust of I. A. Bunin and a gazebo.
In 1985 the Literary Hall of Efremov museum, whose permanent exhibition told the visitors about the Efremov motives in the writer’s works, was opened in the house located at Turgenev Street, 47. Since January 2001 the literary hall has become the House-Museum of I. A. Bunin.