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Monasteries and Churches

Theotokos-Christmas Anastasov Monastery

Tula region, Odoyevsky district, Anastasovo village
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  • Description
    The village of Anastasovo in which there is a monastery belongs to remarkable villages of the Tula region in the historical division. The information about the foundation of the monastery and its builders according to the monastic book was given by princes Mikhail and Alexander Vorotynsky Anastasovskiy to the abbot Herman in 1558. In this book it is said that parents of princes were the builders of the monastery; the prince Ivan Mikhaylovich Vorotynsky and his wife Anastasia, by name which called the monastery. Time of creation the monastery is 1550th years. At the foundation of the monastery Vorotynsky gave in possession of the village: Rymnino, Martynovskaya, Podromanovo, Filimonovo. There were 244 yard By 1716 all monastic peasants, but almost all of them lived in scarcity - went begging and therefore the maintenance of the monastery was not sufficient; thereof in 1722 in the monastery was not except the abbot, any monk, and church service could not be executed. Poverty of peasants, along with the termination in Petrovsky time of large deposits, affected also monastic prosperity. The number of monks hung up structures, the monastery went to final decline. In 1764 the monastery was abolished and turned into the village of Anastasovo. Settlements the making patrimonial possession of the monastery and being from it at the next distance formed arrival of the village of Anastasova. At the monastery cemetery it is buried many people who were renowned in due time in Russia. On one of tombstones it is possible the following to read : In a year of the Moscow ruin in Odoyev Nikita Kolupayev for the fact that did not begin to kiss a cross of traitors was dumped from a tower, and his body is buried in Anastasovo. From this inscription it is visible that this patriot of the Time of Troubles was an outstanding public figure; his descendants are mentioned in the history of the monastery as people of social standing and as diligent philanthropists of the parish temple. All parishioners peasants, are engaged in agriculture and make pottery. The stone temple of the village of Anastasova, for the sake of the Nativity of the Theotokos, escaped even since existence of the monastery. On giving, the temple was at first wooden, but in 1669 in Alexey Mikhaylovich's reign under the decree of the metropolitan Sarsky, in the Anastasovy monastery construction of stone Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin was begun. Next year was constructed the stone belltower . The builder of the temple was the abbot Iona. The place for the construction was chosen with big artistic flair. The massive volume of church as if grown into a flat hill, extremely organically fitted into a picturesque panorama of the river coast. The strict architecture informed us of the concentrated vigilance of the middle of the 17th century when on the Tula earth memories of years of hard times and the Tatar attacks were fresh. The conviviality and the cheerfulness peculiar to buildings of the next decades are still alien to the temple in Anastasov. The temple of the monastery architecture, until the new location, was in the form of a regular rectangle, with a five-domed square towering on the main altar. The ground floor is built of untreated fence and was intended for monastic storerooms, and, perhaps, for the monks' cells; In two rooms of this floor there are traces of habitation. The walls of the temple are remarkable for their unusual thickness, so in one of them a move was made, connecting the former kitchen with the arrival of St. Martyr. Catherine, another similar move was made from the vaults of the wooden church to the place where the heads of the temple tower. The bell-tower is constructed on the north side of the temple and is connected with it by a gallery, in the second tier of which there is a room bearing a rather strange name, "kazenki & raquo ;. Most likely it was the likeness of a watchtower, perhaps it served as a monastery treasury, as its name suggests. Over time, the temple has undergone many changes in its structure. In the forties of the XIX century. The temple was painted. One of the old moves was sealed, but instead of it a new move was pierced in the wall, with a wooden porch and the same staircase, which in 1883 were replaced by stone ones. The strongest impression produced by the outstanding creations of the people's genius can not obscure from us the ugly social conditions in which the monuments were created. Each temple is in essence a temple in honor of architecture. It should be recognized that the architect who built the church of the Anastasov Monastery adequately glorified the originality and beauty of Russian architecture. In the architecture of the church there are compositional techniques characteristic for the ancient Russian architecture: the picturesque asymmetry of volumetric construction, the complex plan and freedom with which the master solved the architecture of the temple. It is impossible not to mention the event related to the history of the temple. In one ancient manuscript, owned by the Odoyev merchant Polikarpov, it is said that in 1805 in Belyov there was a terrible fire, during which many bells were melted. Then, according to the order of the diocesan authorities, an Anastas monk came to the Belovo monastery to take a few bells. But the parishioners resolutely opposed this and, on the advice of their priest Gabriel Avksentiev, staked an uninvited guest who encroached on the property of their church. For this the priest was removed from church affairs and exiled to Kolomna. Many interesting events tell us ancient manuscripts and books. With the monastery in Anastasova is associated with many legends and attachments. Someone believes them, someone No. It's getting dark. From Upa breathes a chill. The ancient walls gleamed in the rays of the setting sun. The contours of the domes became more precise, blackened Eye sockets of windows. From the bell tower, farther to the east stretches a whimsical shadow.
  • Contacts
    Tula region, Odoyevsky district, Anastasovo village
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